Most Common Sports Injuries in Children and How to Prevent It

According to the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 30 million children and adolescents engage in sports, and more than 3.5 million children under 14 receive medical attention due to sports-related injuries each year. Sports injuries can range from a scrape or a bruise to a broken collarbone or something more serious.

The most common child injuries are sprains and strains. A sprain is an injury in the ligament caused by stretching or tearing. While, a strain is an injury to the muscle or tendon. It can be caused by overstretching of the muscle fibers. For sprain and strain basic first aid, rest the injured area and apply ice that is wrapped in a damp towel in the first 48 to 72 hours after the injury.

Growth plate injuries are common among children in the US. The growth plate is the area where the long bones in arms and legs grow. When a growth plate is injured, it is not able to do its job correctly, and may lead to bones that are crooked or misshapen, and limbs that are short.

Injuries are common to children who play sports, but there are safeguard measures parents, guardians, or coaches can take to prevent injuries. Make sure that the child is using the right gear while playing sports. Also, train your child to have warm ups and cool downs before and after rigorous activities.  

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Athletes’ Bane: Fast Facts about ACL Tears

Of all the orthopedic injuries that athletes experience, one is particularly feared: ACL.  Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL is a debilitating injury that occurs when too much sudden movement stretches or tears the tissues connecting the knee to the rest of your leg.

Many fitness experts and sports professionals claim that one of the main causes of ACL tears is the lack of or insufficient warmups before a rigorous bout of workout. Strength training can help one prevent this from happening, as the workout is intended to make the muscles firmer by with rigorous activities. Also, learning to land on the balls of your feet can help take some downward force away from your knees.

You know that you have a torn ACL when your legs suddenly buckle (after hearing a distinct popping sound from your knees) and swelling develops almost rapidly, and last for weeks. The popping sound may not always come, but your knees will give out. While the pain might subside afterward, returning to sports or heavy physical activity might cause the injury to get worse.

Consult with your doctor immediately after the first signs of an ACL injury. Treatment typically involves  physical therapy sessions over a period of six to twelve months, depending on the extent of damage.

Understanding the Science of Sports Medicine

Sports professionals and sports teams usually retain their own physical injury specialists to care for their well-being and their careers. With the timeless popularity and cultural attachment of people to sports, sports medicine has sprinted along to enjoy new technological innovations that benefited other medical branches, as well. Sports medicine is the field of medicine that focuses on the treatment of various sports injuries and the therapies that the program provides.

As sports medicine involves a lot more than restoring muscles and bones to their former healthy function, the specialists involved in this science vary in their roles. For instance, nutritionists and physical trainers help maintain the athletes’ peak physical condition in and out of the field. There are sports psychologists who deal with the mental and emotional aspects of the team members.

Sports doctors are accredited by reputable medical organizations in the United States. Today, with the public’s increasing awareness of the risk of physical inertia, sports and exercise medicine has become a separate and distinct branch of medicine. Many colleges and universities now offer sports medicine as an actual field of study.

Health and fitness is the primary mandate of the specialists in this field. They encourage athletes to live better through healthy choices and a healthy lifestyle. Only at optimum health, can players play fair and square, physically fortified to avoid the many dangers that befall them on the field. 

Diagnosis to Rehabilitation: Stages of Bone Fractures Treatment

Depending on the severity of a fracture, doctors might need to perform various procedures to aid the healing processes of bones. Bones heal themselves in different phases, and doctors, too, have a list of stages they go through when helping a patient recover from fractured bones. 

When a doctor tends to fractured bones, the first thing he does is to diagnose. There are several things that may affect the treatment process, including the age of the patient, the location of the fractured bone, and the extent of the open wounds. 

The treatment for a fractured rib is different to a broken arm, as ribs have the potential of harming internal organs, while arms have the potential of harming muscles. Bones, much like any other body part, can get complicated by infections so it’s important that germs and viruses from open wounds must be treated immediately. 

The second stage is to secure the bones, and keep them from moving in order to accelerate the process. This is done through casts, braces, or slings. The third stage is to ensure that the bones are aligned by using ropes and pulleys. 

In severe cases, doctors would have to operate on the fracture to remove foreign objects, add more immobilization security like rods, screws, or pins, and even replace some parts with artificial ones, if needed. 

The final stage is rehabilitation, where the muscles, after a long time of inactivity, are slowly exercised before going back to normal activities.