Professional athletes spend countless hours practicing specific actions and movements every day, this is why overuse injuries are quite common in sports. Overuse injuries are caused by repetitive motions that damage muscles, tendons, ligaments, and soft tissues over time. When an overuse injury happens to you and it is quite serious in nature, you may need to consult an established Denver orthopedic surgeon. Four of the most common overuse injuries are listed below.
A stress fracture is caused by repeated stress and continuous heavy weight-bearing on the leg or ankle. A stress fracture is one type of incomplete fracture in bones, often appearing as a very small crack in the bone. It typically occurs in weight-bearing bones like the bones on the feet (metatarsals), bones on the lower leg (tibia), and the thigh bones (femur).
This type of injury is common among those who play racquet sports and fencing. It generally affects the outer side of the elbow and is caused by repetitive actions that stretch the tendons. Symptoms include pain in the outer elbow area, which may be aggravated by lifting. A similar type of injury is the golfer’s elbow, but in contrast to tennis elbow, this one affects the elbow’s inner portion.
Periostitis—commonly known as shin splints—causes pain in the shins during movement. This condition is not restricted to sports players. Treatment may involve prolonged rest, ice compress, and anti-inflammatory medications. To avoid shin splints, athletes are advised to adequately warm up and cool down.
Iliotibial Band Syndrome
Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is a common injury to the knee generally associated with hiking, running, cycling, or weight-lifting. It is caused by the superficial thickening of the iliotibial band, which is a band of muscle that runs down the outer side of the knee. Marathon runners are extremely prone to this condition.
Generally, rest is the best cure for these types of injuries; however, if pain persists and the injury gets worse, the intervention of an orthopedic surgeon may be necessary. The right surgical approach will depend upon the scope of your injury, your personal needs, and your overall health. Consult experienced Denver orthopedic surgeons like the ones at Steadman Hawkins Clinic Denver to see if you require orthopedic surgery to relieve your symptoms and treat your overuse injury.
Overuse injury: How to prevent training injuries, Mayo Clinic
What are Overuse Injuries?, Coach Safely